First, the definition of health:

  The World Health Organization (WHO) defined health in 1948:

1. Health is not only the absence of disease or frailty, but also a sound physical, psychological and social adaptability.

    1. Physical health  "Man is the most beautiful artwork of nature" The health of the nine major systems of the human body 1. Nervous system (thinking and feeling)   

    2. Movement system (activity, movement)

    3. Circulation system (transport nutrients)       

    4. Respiratory system (obtaining oxygen)

    5. Digestive system (absorbing nutrients)       

    6. Endocrine system (regulatory effect)

    7. Urinary system (metabolism)       

    8. Immune system (body barrier)

    9. Reproductive system (human reproduction)

2. Mental health Mental health refers to a sustained and stable mental state, with normal intelligence, normal sense of community, strong will, good character and harmonious interpersonal relationships, etc. Maslow proposed ten criteria for mental health :  Have a sufficient sense of security, can fully understand oneself, properly estimate one's ability, life ideals are realistic,  not divorced from the surrounding reality, maintain integrity and harmony of personality, be good at learning from experience, maintain good interpersonal relationships, and moderately vent emotions and Control emotions, meet individual needs appropriately on the premise of meeting the requirements of the group, meet individual needs appropriately on the premise of not violating social norms, the mental health standard put forward by some Chinese scholars, love life, be good at enjoying life, have a  broad mind, do not Worried about small things,  moderate desires, not burdened by fame and fortune, full of self-confidence, good at exerting subjective initiative, emotional stability, good mood, good at dealing with others, with a healthy cognitive model

3. Social adaptability (social health) Social health, also known as social adaptation, refers to the ability of an individual to interact with others and the social environment, have good interpersonal relationships and fulfill social roles

4. Moral health: Moral health is the most fundamental and important symbol of human health. Moral health can coordinate the relationship between people and people and society, and it is the fundamental cornerstone for the normal continuation of human beings and the smooth development of society. The development of society requires a healthy morality, and the development of each individual also requires a healthy morality.

Second, the definition of sub-health:

    Simply put, sub-health is a state between health and disease, also known as the "third state" or "gray state". Discomfort, this state is mostly caused by the low, insufficient, degeneration and aging of human physiological functions. 1. Some symptoms of sub-health, feeling a little depressed, sometimes dazed outside the window, forgetting the good things yesterday, and this situation often occurs recently, I am too lazy to enter the classroom, I feel that learning is annoying, and I don’t want to face it Classmates and teachers, who have autism desires, after an hour of study, feel tired, chest tightness and shortness of breath, eat three meals a day, eat very little, tasteless, very sensitive to noise, very eager for a quiet and peaceful landscape , Long insomnia at night, even if you fall asleep, you are always in a dreaming state, the quality of sleep is poor, and you feel that your immunity is declining. When the flu comes, you will be the first to be infected.

2. The performance of the sub-health state of middle school students: psychological quality "sub-health"

    Study Anxiety: Lack of Motivation, Study Stress, Depressed Mood,  Inattentiveness

2 Character flaws: vanity, dependence,  jealousy

Emotional "sub-health"

    Social or heterosexual problems: apathy, lack of self-confidence

   2 Depression: pessimism, loneliness,  emptiness

Thought and behavior "sub-health"

Superficial  thinking, absolute thinking  , like to make fun of others; "sub-health" of physical growth

    1 Nutrition Problems: Excess or Imbalance

   2 Eating Problems: Picky Eating  Anorexia  Bulimia

    3. How to prevent sub-health: constantly improve psychological quality, deal with various pressures correctly: develop good eating habits, maintain a balanced nutrition: develop good work and rest habits, pay attention to the combination of work and rest

The 10 health standards published by the World Health Organization:

    1. Energetic, able to take on daily life and heavy work in a leisurely manner without feeling excessive tension and fatigue

    2. Optimistic in life, positive attitude, willing to take responsibility, not picky

    3. Good at rest, good sleep

    4. Strong adaptability, able to adapt to various changes in the external environment

    5. Can resist common colds and infectious diseases

    6. The weight is appropriate, the body is well-proportioned, and the position of the head and shoulders is coordinated when standing

    7. Bright eyes, quick response, no eyelid inflammation

    8. Clean teeth, no caries, no headache, normal gum color, no bleeding

    9. Hair is shiny and free of dandruff

    10 Muscles are plump and skin is elastic

3. Lifestyle and Health

    1. Life and survival: Life is the patent of human beings, or life is a better survival, an advanced survival. Lifestyle is the way and pattern of daily life. Scope of coverage: eating habits  , schedule,  entertainment, etc.

    2. Health problems caused by lifestyle

Dr. Li Zhen, Chinese-American Health Education: In the United States, only 10% of diseases are caused by microorganisms, another 10% are hereditary, 30% are caused by environmental factors, and 50% are related to people's lifestyles.

The report of the World Health Organization in 1992: 70% to 80% of developed countries, 40% to 50% of developing countries, and 60% of global deaths are caused by unhealthy lifestyles.

    3. A good lifestyle: reasonable work and rest,  moderate exercise  , balanced nutrition  , and  reflection on your lifestyle

    (1), reasonable work and rest:

    "Overwork" is easy to cause bad consequences; the working hours and labor intensity exceed the legal regulations for a long time; will rest, work and study

sleep: active rest: walk music visit  excursion

    (2) Moderate exercise

    Lack of exercise or lack of exercise will have adverse effects on health, resulting in decreased physical strength, muscle weakness, and may also affect physiological functions to varying degrees, leading to diseases.

In terms of physical fitness, it can cause poor physical adaptability, low immune function, and susceptibility to various diseases

High school students are in the puberty period of rapid physical changes, and sports can promote their growth and development.

    (3), balanced nutrition

    Nutrition is the process of obtaining and utilizing food. Balanced nutrition is conducive to life maintenance and normal development, and is conducive to improving health and completing various activities.

Balanced nutrition is achieved through balanced meals. Human energy metabolism can maintain various physiological functions and their coordination. Too much is easy to gain weight; too little weight loss will bring adverse consequences.

    (4) Reflect on your own way of life

    4. Research by American medical experts shows that there are 7 healthy behaviors related to longevity: 1. Reduce staying up late, eat early  every day 2. Sleep 7-8 hours a day 3. Have three meals a day, no snacks 4. Maintain a standard weight 5. . Regular physical activity 6. No smoking 7. No alcohol or a small amount of alcohol

Healthy and unhealthy behaviors:

    Get enough sleep every day

    Three regular meals a day, especially breakfast is guaranteed

    Basically no snacks

    maintain a normal weight

    regular physical activity

    Physical exercise methods are scientific, and the intensity and time are more reasonable

    do not smoke

    no or very little alcohol

    Cheerful, contented, willing to help others, have their own hobbies

    happy family life

    Do not do things that are detrimental to the health of others

    Disordered work and rest schedules, often lack of sleep

    Irregular meals, often skipping breakfast

    snack frequently

    overweight or underweight

    no or little physical activity

    The way of exercising is not suitable for you, and the intensity time schedule is not suitable for you

    smoking

    Drinking alcohol frequently and in excess

    withdrawn selfish desires too demanding or not interested in anything

    Problems affecting family life

    almost never pay attention to these things

4. Health promotion:

   The Ottawa Declaration issued at the first International Conference on Health Promotion held in Ottawa in November 1986 was a milestone in the history of health promotion. The declaration states that "health promotion refers to the process by which people enhance and (control) and improve their own health."

 Five strategies for health promotion:

   Developing healthy public policies  Creating a supportive environment  Strengthening community action   Developing personal skills  Reorienting health services

n The international health community generally believes that health promotion is an important field of public health construction today.

 

5. The "four cornerstones" of health proposed by the World Health Organization: reasonable diet  , moderate exercise, quitting smoking and drinking, and psychological balance

Thinking questions: (Data collection: Fanwen Encyclopedia www.bk188.cn)

1. Reflect on your lifestyle and health, and judge whether your lifestyle is healthy or in a "sub-health state"?

2. Put forward your own views and opinions on "health promotion", how to take the initiative to make your own efforts for the development of the whole society?

3. Proactively check the information about health promotion through various channels, improve health knowledge from it, and enhance your health awareness.